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openmpi

About

OpenMPI is an open source implementation of the MPI-2 standard library. MPI (Message Passing Interface) is the defacto standard library for distributed parallel processing using message passing.

Versions and Availability

▶ Display Softenv Keys for openmpi on all clusters
Machine Version Softenv Key
eric 1.3.4 +openmpi-1.3.4-gcc-4.3.2
eric 1.3.4 +openmpi-1.3.4-intel-11.1
philip 1.4.3 +openmpi-1.4.3-intel-11.1
philip 1.6.1 +openmpi-1.6.1-gcc-4.1.2
philip 1.6.1 +openmpi-1.6.1-gcc-4.3.2
philip 1.6.1 +openmpi-1.6.1-Intel-12.1.4
philip 1.6.1 +openmpi-1.6.1-pgi-12.8
supermike2 1.6.2 +openmpi-1.6.2-gcc-4.4.6
supermike2 1.6.2 +openmpi-1.6.2-gcc-4.7.2
supermike2 1.6.2 +openmpi-1.6.2-Intel-13.0.0
supermike2 1.6.2 +openmpi-1.6.2-pgi-12.8
supermike2 1.6.3 +openmpi-1.6.3-Intel-13.0.0
▶ Softenv FAQ?

The information here is applicable to LSU HPC and LONI systems.

Shells

A user may choose between using /bin/bash and /bin/tcsh. Details about each shell follows.

/bin/bash

System resource file: /etc/profile

When one access the shell, the following user files are read in if they exist (in order):

  1. ~/.bash_profile (anything sent to STDOUT or STDERR will cause things like rsync to break)
  2. ~/.bashrc (interactive login only)
  3. ~/.profile

When a user logs out of an interactive session, the file ~/.bash_logout is executed if it exists.

The default value of the environmental variable, PATH, is set automatically using SoftEnv. See below for more information.

/bin/tcsh

The file ~/.cshrc is used to customize the user's environment if his login shell is /bin/tcsh.

Softenv

SoftEnv is a utility that is supposed to help users manage complex user environments with potentially conflicting application versions and libraries.

System Default Path

When a user logs in, the system /etc/profile or /etc/csh.cshrc (depending on login shell, and mirrored from csm:/cfmroot/etc/profile) calls /usr/local/packages/softenv-1.6.2/bin/use.softenv.sh to set up the default path via the SoftEnv database.

SoftEnv looks for a user's ~/.soft file and updates the variables and paths accordingly.

Viewing Available Packages

The command softenv will provide a list of available packages. The listing will look something like:

$ softenv
These are the macros available:
*   @default
These are the keywords explicitly available:
+amber-8                       Applications: 'Amber', version: 8 Amber is a
+apache-ant-1.6.5              Ant, Java based XML make system version: 1.6.
+charm-5.9                     Applications: 'Charm++', version: 5.9 Charm++
+default                       this is the default environment...nukes /etc/
+essl-4.2                      Libraries: 'ESSL', version: 4.2 ESSL is a sta
+gaussian-03                   Applications: 'Gaussian', version: 03 Gaussia
... some stuff deleted ...
Managing SoftEnv

The file ~/.soft in the user's home directory is where the different packages are managed. Add the +keyword into your .soft file. For instance, ff one wants to add the Amber Molecular Dynamics package into their environment, the end of the .soft file should look like this:

+amber-8

@default

To update the environment after modifying this file, one simply uses the resoft command:

% resoft

The command soft can be used to manipulate the environment from the command line. It takes the form:

$ soft add/delete +keyword

Using this method of adding or removing keywords requires the user to pay attention to possible order dependencies. That is, best results require the user to remove keywords in the reverse order in which they were added. It is handy to test out individual keys, but can lead to trouble if changing multiple keys. Changing the .soft file and issuing the resoft is the recommended way of dealing with multiple changes.

▶ Display Module Names for openmpi on all clusters.
Machine Version Module
smic 1.8.1 openmpi/1.8.1/INTEL-14.0.2
qb2 1.8.1 openmpi/1.8.1/INTEL-14.0.2
▶ Module FAQ?

The information here is applicable to LSU HPC and LONI systems.

Shells

A user may choose between using /bin/bash and /bin/tcsh. Details about each shell follows.

/bin/bash

System resource file: /etc/profile

When one access the shell, the following user files are read in if they exist (in order):

  1. ~/.bash_profile (anything sent to STDOUT or STDERR will cause things like rsync to break)
  2. ~/.bashrc (interactive login only)
  3. ~/.profile

When a user logs out of an interactive session, the file ~/.bash_logout is executed if it exists.

The default value of the environmental variable, PATH, is set automatically using SoftEnv. See below for more information.

/bin/tcsh

The file ~/.cshrc is used to customize the user's environment if his login shell is /bin/tcsh.

Modules

Modules is a utility which helps users manage the complex business of setting up their shell environment in the face of potentially conflicting application versions and libraries.

Default Setup

When a user logs in, the system looks for a file named .modules in their home directory. This file contains module commands to set up the initial shell environment.

Viewing Available Modules

The command

$ module avail

displays a list of all the modules available. The list will look something like:

--- some stuff deleted ---
velvet/1.2.10/INTEL-14.0.2
vmatch/2.2.2

---------------- /usr/local/packages/Modules/modulefiles/admin -----------------
EasyBuild/1.11.1       GCC/4.9.0              INTEL-140-MPICH/3.1.1
EasyBuild/1.13.0       INTEL/14.0.2           INTEL-140-MVAPICH2/2.0
--- some stuff deleted ---

The module names take the form appname/version/compiler, providing the application name, the version, and information about how it was compiled (if needed).

Managing Modules

Besides avail, there are other basic module commands to use for manipulating the environment. These include:

add/load mod1 mod2 ... modn . . . Add modules
rm/unload mod1 mod2 ... modn  . . Remove modules
switch/swap mod . . . . . . . . . Switch or swap one module for another
display/show  . . . . . . . . . . List modules loaded in the environment
avail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List available module names
whatis mod1 mod2 ... modn . . . . Describe listed modules

The -h option to module will list all available commands.

Module is currently available only on SuperMIC.

Usage

  1. Set up your .soft file to select the library version, and compilers you want to use for building your code. Keep in mind the keys take effect in the order they appear. The following shows how to select an OpenMPI library and use it with the GNU gcc compiler. Do not simply copy them, as they are subject to change. Use the softenv command to verify them before use.
  2. +openmpi-1.3.4-gcc-4.3.2
    +gcc-4.3.2
    @default
    
  3. The compiler, mpicc, will use gcc and link with openmpi with no further ado.
  4. Run with: mpirun -machinefile $PBS_NODEFILE -np $NPROCS /path/to/executable
  5. An example PBS script can be viewed below.
▶ Open Example?

This is an example of running a program compiled with the MVAPICH2 library.

#!/bin/bash
# No shell commands before PBS is set up.
#
# "workq" is the default job queue.
#PBS -q workq 
#
# Set the appropriate project allocation code
#PBS -A ALLOCATION_CODE
#
# Set number of nodes and number of processors on each node
# to be used. Set ppn to 8 for QB, and 4 for all other x86s.
#PBS -l nodes=4:ppn=4 
#
# Set time job is allowed to run in hh:mm:ss
#PBS -l walltime=00:15:00 
#
# Send stdout to a named file
#PBS -o OUT_NAME 
#
# Merge stderr messages with stdout
#PBS -j oe 
#
# Give the job a name for easier tracking
#PBS -N JOB_NAME
#
# Shell commands may begin here

export WORK_DIR=/work/uname/path
cd $WORK_DIR 
export NPROCS=`wc -l $PBS_NODEFILE |gawk '//{print $1}'`
mpirun -machinefile $PBS_NODEFILE -np $NPROCS /path/to/your_executable
▶ QSub FAQ?

Portable Batch System: qsub

qsub

All HPC@LSU clusters use the Portable Batch System (PBS) for production processing. Jobs are submitted to PBS using the qsub command. A PBS job file is basically a shell script which also contains directives for PBS.

Usage
$ qsub job_script

Where job_script is the name of the file containing the script.

PBS Directives

PBS directives take the form:

#PBS -X value

Where X is one of many single letter options, and value is the desired setting. All PBS directives must appear before any active shell statement.

Example Job Script
 #!/bin/bash
 #
 # Use "workq" as the job queue, and specify the allocation code.
 #
 #PBS -q workq
 #PBS -A your_allocation_code
 # 
 # Assuming you want to run 16 processes, and each node supports 4 processes, 
 # you need to ask for a total of 4 nodes. The number of processes per node 
 # will vary from machine to machine, so double-check that your have the right 
 # values before submitting the job.
 #
 #PBS -l nodes=4:ppn=4
 # 
 # Set the maximum wall-clock time. In this case, 10 minutes.
 #
 #PBS -l walltime=00:10:00
 # 
 # Specify the name of a file which will receive all standard output,
 # and merge standard error with standard output.
 #
 #PBS -o /scratch/myName/parallel/output
 #PBS -j oe
 # 
 # Give the job a name so it can be easily tracked with qstat.
 #
 #PBS -N MyParJob
 #
 # That is it for PBS instructions. The rest of the file is a shell script.
 # 
 # PLEASE ADOPT THE EXECUTION SCHEME USED HERE IN YOUR OWN PBS SCRIPTS:
 #
 #   1. Copy the necessary files from your home directory to your scratch directory.
 #   2. Execute in your scratch directory.
 #   3. Copy any necessary files back to your home directory.

 # Let's mark the time things get started.

 date

 # Set some handy environment variables.

 export HOME_DIR=/home/$USER/parallel
 export WORK_DIR=/scratch/myName/parallel
 
 # Set a variable that will be used to tell MPI how many processes will be run.
 # This makes sure MPI gets the same information provided to PBS above.

 export NPROCS=`wc -l $PBS_NODEFILE |gawk '//{print $1}'`

 # Copy the files, jump to WORK_DIR, and execute! The program is named "hydro".

 cp $HOME_DIR/hydro $WORK_DIR
 cd $WORK_DIR
 mpirun -machinefile $PBS_NODEFILE -np $NPROCS $WORK_DIR/hydro

 # Mark the time processing ends.

 date
 
 # And we're out'a here!

 exit 0

Resources

Last modified: November 12 2014 09:49:09.